1. definition
  2. examples and/or illustrations
  3. other useful sources
  4. bibliography



(adj.) going beyond national boundaries or interests: a transnational economy.
(adj.) comprising persons, sponsors, etc., of different nationalities: a transnational company.

‘Transnationalism’ refers to multiple ties and interactions linking people or institutions across the borders of nation-states (Vertovec 2009)

 “We define ‘transnationalism” as the processes by which immigrants forge and sustain multi-stranded social relations that link together their societies of origin and settlement. (Basch, Schiller and Blanc-Szanton 1994)


Examples and/or Illustrations

Transnationalism, as a conceptual tool, has been advanced to include different understandings of transnationalism; i.e., economic transnationalism, state-led transnationalism, political transnationalism.


Other Useful Sources

Appadurai, Arjun (1997) Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization” Oxford University Press

Barkan, Elliott Robert (2003) “Immigration, Incorporation and Transnationalism” Transaction Publishers. New Jersey, USA

Itzigsohn Jose, Cabral Carlos Dore, Medina Esther Hernandez, Vazquex Obed (1999) “Mapping Dominican transnationalism: narrow and broad transnational practices” Ethnic and Racial Studies. Vol. 22, Iss. 2

Portes, Alejandro et al. (1999) “The study of transnationalism: pitfalls and promise of an emergent research field” Ethnic and Racial Studies. Vol. 22, Issue 2. pp. 217-237



Basch, L.G., N. Glick Schiller & C. Blanc-Szanton (1994), Nations unbound: transnational projects, postcolonial predicaments and deterritorialized nation-states, Langhorne, PA: Gordon and Breach.

Vertovec, Steven. (2009) Transnationalism Taylor & Francis. 205 pps.


Other related words (may be concepts)

  • Diaspora
  • Transnational migrants
  • Transnational citizenship