Economic Migration

  1. definition
  2. examples and/or illustrations
  3. other useful sources
  4. bibliography


Migration motivated by an inequality of condition or lifestyle perspective between the country of origin and destination countries.

Terminalf – Terminology Resources in French
An individual that goes to a new country because the living conditions or employment prospects are poor in their own country. This term is used by governments to describe the individual who is not a refugee.

MacMillan Dictionary


Examples and/or Illustrations

In Canada, the Immigration Act and Refugee Protection Act (SC 2001, c. 27), effective June 28, 2002, seeks to facilitate the economic role of immigrants. Thus, it provides the opportunity to apply internally for permanent residence, including temporary workers and their spouses and partners. It also allows this application to students with a permanent job offer and have studied in Canada. This option is intended to facilitate the new role envisaged for temporary workers in a knowledge economy.

“[…] Last year [2010], Canada welcomed 280,636 permanent residents, or about 6 percent. 100 more than the government forecasts, the range was from 240 000 to 265,000 new permanent residents in 2010. This is consistent with the announcement that Minister Kenney made last June concerning the adjustment of immigration plans for 2010 by Citizenship and Immigration Canada to meet the needs related to economic migration. The number of immigrants admitted, or 280,636, an increase of approximately 60 000 admissions compared to the average annual permanent residents admitted by the Government of Canada in the 1990s. “

Press [ICC] – “Canada has hosted a number of legal immigrants never equaled in 50 years and works to protect the integrity of its immigration system” http://www.cic.gc.ca/francais/ministere / media/communiques/2011/2011-02-13.asp


Other Useful Sources

“International Organization for Migration,” www.iom.int/jahia/Jahia/lang/fr/pid/1 (Accessed March 15, 2012).

“Immigration, an economic lever for Quebec,” www.montrealinternational.com/l-immigration-un-levier-de-developpement-economique-pour-le-quebec/ (Accessed March 15, 2012).

Immigration Act and Refugee Protection Act (SC 2001, c. 27), http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/fra/lois/I-2.5/index.html (Accessed March 15, 2012).



CORNELIUS, Wayne A., TSUDA, Takeyuki, MARTIN, Philip L. and Hollifield. James E., Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective, United States of America, Stanford University Press, 2004, p. 128.

Kernerman, Gerald and RESNICK, Philip. Insiders & Ousiders, Canada, UBC Press, 2004.
Prakash Shah and Werner Menski. Migration, Diasporas and Legal Systems in Europe, United States of American and Canada, Routledge Cavendish, 2006.

Wiesbrock, Anja. Legal migration to the European Union, Amersfoort (The Netherlands), Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2010.